In 1824 Don Ygnacio Martinez received a land grant from the Mexican Government, which included the Alhambra Valley. The early settlers in the region utilized Martinez to purchase, sell and ship goods. The city catered to a large number of people passing through on their way to the gold country.
By 1860 Martinez was a prominent shipping port and was utilized by ships from all over world. The railroad reached the area in 1877. It was established as a city in 1876. The renowned John Muir was a resident from 1880 until he died in 1914. Shell Oil Company constructed an oil refinery close to Martinez in 1915 which created a building boom.
The Martinez Regional Shoreline is situated along the Carquinez Strait. The Briones Regional Park features rolling grassy hills and is home to a wide variety of wildlife. The Waterbird Regional Preserve is a notable destination for bird enthusiasts. The Carquinez Strait is a scenic location which provides opportunities for fishing and hiking. Crockett Hills Regional Park is located in the county.
The waterfront includes an active marina and is a popular area for fishing and hiking. The Benicia State Recreation Area is situated along the Carquinez Strait and offers bird watching and fishing locations. The scenic paths are utilized for walking, roller skating, jogging and bicycle riding. The Muir Woods, a beautiful redwood forest, is a short distance away. The prominent wineries in Napa Valley are nearby. Residents and visitors can easily enjoy the activities and entertainment in San Francisco.
The Mount Diablo State Park is one of the best ecological locations in the San Francisco Bay Area and includes an extensive trail system, a variety of wildlife and beautiful wildflowers. It also offers horseback riding and bicycle riding opportunities. The Six Flags Discovery Kingdom offers a good time for families.
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